* Witness says loyalists flying Gaddafi-era green flags
* Town was one of main pro-Gaddafi bastions during war
* Sides used heavy anti-tank weapons: resident
* Clashes underline government's fragile hold on Libya (Adds new details in
paragraphs 8,9 & 18)
By Taha Zargoun
TRIPOLI, Jan 23 (Reuters) - Fighters loyal to Libya's overthrown leader
Muammar Gaddafi took control of a town south-east of the capital on Monday,
flying their green flags in defiance of the country's fragile new
The fightback by Gaddafi supporters defeated in Libya's civil war, though
unlikely to spread elsewhere, added to the problems besetting a government
which in the past week has been reeling from one crisis to another. Gaddafi
himself was captured and killed in October after weeks on the run.
Accounts from the town of Bani Walid, about 200 km (120 miles) from Tripoli,
described armed Gaddafi supporters attacking the barracks of the
pro-government militia in the town and then forcing them to fall back.
"They control the town now. They are roaming the town," said a fighter with
the 28th May militia, loyal to Libya's ruling National Transitional Council
(NTC), which came under attack.
The fighter told Reuters the loyalists were flying "brand new green flags"
from the centre of town. The flags were symbols of Gaddafi's 42-year rule.
A resident said four people were killed and 20 wounded in the fighting,
during which the sides used heavy weapons.
Bani Walid, base of the powerful Warfallah tribe, was one of the last towns
to surrender to the anti-Gaddafi rebellion last year. Many people there
oppose the new leadership.
A Libyan air force official said war planes were being mobilised to fly to
Bani Walid . A spokesman for the military council in Zawiyah, near Tripoli,
said a 1,500-strong force, drawn from militias across western Libya, was on
"If the situation in Bani Walid is still complicated , we will go there,"
the spokesman, Ayad Laaroussi, said.
But it was not immediately clear what the government in Tripoli could do. It
has yet to demonstrate that it has an effective fighting force under its
command and Bani Walid, protected behind a deep valley, is difficult to
The uprising in Bani Walid could not come at a worse time for the NTC. In
the past week its chief has had his office overrun by protesters angry at
the slow pace of reform and the second most senior official has quit, citing
what he described as an "atmosphere of hatred."
During Libya's nine-month war, anti-Gaddafi rebels tried to take Bani Walid
but did not progress much beyond the outskirts of the town. It later emerged
that Saif al-Islam, one of Muammar Gaddafi's sons who was captured in the
Sahara desert in November, had been using Bani Walid as a base.
Soon before the end of the conflict, with Gaddafi's defeat unavoidable,
local tribal elders negotiated an agreement under which forces loyal to the
NTC were able to enter the town without a fight.
Relations have been uneasy since then and there have been occasional
flare-ups of violence.
The resident, who did not want to be identified, said Monday's violence
began when members of the May 28 militia arrested some Gaddafi loyalists.
That prompted other supporters of the former leader to attack the militia's
"They massacred men at the doors of the militia headquarters," said the
A militia based in Tripoli said its fighters had captured 17 people who, it
said, were part of a network trying to smuggle arms to Gaddafi loyalists in
Bani Walid and elsewhere. The militia said in a text message that the
weapons included Russian-made Grad rockets.
FRAGILE GRIP ON POWER
The NTC still has the backing of the NATO powers who, with their diplomatic
pressure and bombing campaign, helped push out Gaddafi and install the new
But questions are now being raised inside some Western governments about the
NTC's ability to govern Libya effectively and secure its borders against al
Qaeda, arms traffickers and illegal migrants trying to get into Europe.
The NTC was pitched into its worst crisis since the end of the civil war at
the weekend when a crowd of protesters in the eastern city of Benghazi
stormed the council's local headquarters when NTC chief Mustafa Abdel Jalil
The protesters, who supported the revolt against Gaddafi, were angry that
more progress had not been made to restore basic public services. They also
said many of the NTC's members were tarnished by having served in Gaddafi's
Abdel Hafiz Ghoga, deputy head of the NTC and target of some of the
protests, said he was resigning. Abdel Jalil warned that the protests could
drag the country into a "bottomless pit."
(Additional reporting by Ali Shuaib; Writing by Christian Lowe; Editing by
C Thomson Reuters 2012 All rights reserved
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Received on Mon Jan 23 2012 - 18:23:57 EST