From: Berhane Habtemariam (Berhane.Habtemariam@gmx.de)
Date: Tue Dec 02 2008 - 09:44:39 EST
Somali Piracy and the High Sea Drama
December 2, 2008
Regardless of what many media groups have sensationally been reporting, there is not enough information available to adequately explain the high sea drama or to pinpoint all those who are involved. Many state and non-state actors are openly positioning themselves to benefit from the water circus.
The players in the American and European International Chamber of Shipping are actively out-maneuvering each other to position themselves for hefty contracts to escort ships through the troubled waters of Somalia and to fight piracy. But, if history is a reliable mechanism to forecast political outcomes, this all too familiar approach has only one plausible result - disaster.
Like chemical waste dumping, illegal fishing, weapon-smuggling, drug trafficking, illegal oil exploration, illegal human trafficking, and a host of other criminal activities, piracy is a thriving business in Somalia. These lucrative illegal enterprises have steadily soared in the past two decades while Somalia has rapidly descended into a deadly spiral of anarchy.
During that period, Somalia experienced only six months of relative peace and order in 2006 before the Washington-backed Ethiopian invasion abruptly ended the Islamic Courts Union rule and caused Somalia to sink into its worst political and economic conditions. Today, with over a million IDPs (Internally Displaced Persons) and a total of over three million people being on the verge of starvation, Somalia is the world's worst humanitarian crisis. Yet, with its 1880 mile coastline and its vicinity to the Middle East and Bab Al-Mandab -- one of the world's most critical trade arteries- Somalia still remains the most coveted strategic space.
Ensuring dominance throughout the region in terms of land, water, and air is the name of the game. A game that historically shattered the region's aspiration for peace, co-existence and development.
The National Intelligence Council's report, Global Trends 2025, projects that the U.S. will have plenty of competition in its role as the world's most influential nation.
As a result of their rapid economic growth, new influential players such as Russia, China, India, and Brazil are not only going to have "a seat at the international high table, but will bring new stakes and rules to the game." The NIC report also makes a daunting projection that in the coming decade or two, powerful nations will be competing for access to resources essential to survival- food, water, and energy.
Pirates in Somalia are said to have high-jacked over 90 ships and vessels since January. Currently, there are over a dozen ships parked along the coastal area of the north eastern region of Somalia waiting to be bailed out with hefty ransoms. These high-jacked ships include a weapon-smuggling Ukrainian cargo ship carrying 33 Soviet-made T-72 tanks, rifles and heavy weapons destined to Southern Sudan; and a super tanker, bigger than three football fields, carrying 2 million barrels of crude oil worth $100 million dollars to the U.S. The latter was high-jacked near Mombasa, Kenya in broad daylight.
Is it possible that village-dwelling thugs who wear macawis (cultural skirts) for camouflage gear and dacas (flip-flops) for combat boots pull off such sophisticated highjackings on their own? How do they successfully high-jack a new ship virtually every other day? How do they dodge all the sophisticated land, sea, and air counter terrorism surveillances stationed in and around the Indian Ocean?
By no means are these high sea hooligans working alone. While they are, on one hand, being used as a gambit or a pretext to geopolitical positioning, they are partnering with international organized crime and any other devils willing to make a deal.
Ironically, for decades the Straits of Malacca (between Malaysia and Sumatra of Indonesia) has been the leading area for piracy. And, according to IMB (International Maritime Bureau) -- an agency that, among other things, monitors maritime crimes-- the piracy enterprise costs the shipping industry over $10 billion dollars per year. Most shipping companies do not report ransoms that they pay or goods robbed, for fear of having to pay high insurance premiums.
Meanwhile there are widespread anecdotal accounts of "wealthy businessmen" from the U.S., Australia, and Western Europe being sited in remote areas of the piracy infested region.
Piracy in Somalia cannot be solved militarily. Solving this problem will require objective focus on the root cause - the political quandary that broke down law and order and made Somalia a free-zone for crime, exploitation, and human suffering. A starting point for the soon-to-take-office new U.S. Administration is to put this issue on top of its foreign policy priority and to develop a sound policy toward Somalia.
Abukar Arman is a freelance writer whose articles and analysis have appeared in the pages of various media groups and think tanks.
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