Basic

PROVEN: Covid-19 was part of U.S. bio-warfare program, carried out in Wuhan to spark hatred against China.

Posted by: ericzuesse@icloud.com

Date: Tuesday, 14 March 2023

https://theduran.com/proven-covid-19-was-part-of-u-s-bio-warfare-program-carried-out-in-wuhan-to-spark-hatred-against-china/




PROVEN: Covid-19 was part of U.S. bio-warfare program, carried out in Wuhan to spark hatred against China.


Eric Zuesse


On 27 February 2023, the youtube “Transparently Hiding…Again” “David Martin World” appeared, and I here give not only its link but the link to the first web-archived copy of it so that if the original version gets yanked, you’ll still be able to see and hear it, because it not only asserts but proves that covid-19 was engineered by the U.S. Government in North Carolina to be developed in Wuhan China, instead of in the United States, so that China would get the blame. Here is that youtube:


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CMSz209wV8g

https://web.archive.org/web/20230228203633/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CMSz209wV8g

“Transparently Hiding…Again” “David Martin World”

27 February 2023


I carefully accessed online each one of its documentary sources, each of which was displayed in the video, and found that each statement that Mr. Martin was saying about it was absolutely accurate. This video is 100% accurate.


In order to help make easier for the viewer of the video to read and carefully consider each one of its main sources, each of which were passages within the published-online document “SARS-like WIV1-C0V poised for human emergence” scientific report on the research that ultimately produced covid-19, I present the links here, to both the HTML and the pdf versions of that scientific-research report, and then right below that, the cited passages:


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https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.1517719113

https://www.pnas.org/doi/pdf/10.1073/pnas.1517719113

“SARS-like WIV1-C0V poised for human emergence”

14 March 2016

Focusing on SARS-like virus sequences isolated from Chinese horseshoe bats, the results indicate a significant threat posed by WIV1-CoV. [That “WI” refers to the Wuhan Institute of Virology, and the virus “WIV1-CoV” is “the prototype of SARS-CoV” the virus that causes covid-19 disease. “COVID-19 (novel coronavirus disease-2019) is the disease, SARS-CoV-2 is the virus.” So, these experiments were crucial to the development of the virus that causes covid-19.] Both full-length and chimeric WIV1-CoV readily replicated efficiently in human airway cultures and in vivo [in living organisms], suggesting capability of direct transmission to humans. In addition, while monoclonal antibody treatments prove effective, the SARS-based vaccine approach failed to confer protection. Together, the study indicates an ongoing threat posed by WIV1-related viruses and the need for continued study and surveillance [“surveillance” being a let’s-pretend term in such biowarfare-research-reports, pretending to be concerned to prevent instead of to create new diseases]. …

Although previously associated with upper respiratory infections, the emergence of severe acute respiratory coronavirus (SARS-CoV) in 2002–2003, and more recently, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV underscores the threat of cross-species transmission leading to virulent pandemic viral infections (1, 2). …

The results indicate that viruses using WIV1-CoV [Wuhan Institute of Virology] spike are poised to emerge in human populations due to efficient replication in primary human airway epithelial cell cultures. However, additional adaptation, potentially independent of the spike protein receptor-binding domain, is required for pathogenesis and epidemic disease. Importantly, monoclonal antibody strategies against SARS were effective against WIV1-CoV spike unlike available vaccine approaches. Together, the results highlight the utility of developing platforms to evaluate circulating zoonotic viruses as threats for future emergence and epidemic potential. …

Using the SARS-CoV infectious clone as a template (7), we designed and synthesized a full-length infectious clone of WIV1-CoV consisting of six plasmids that could be enzymatically cut, ligated together, and electroporated into cells to rescue replication competent progeny virions (Fig. S1A). In addition to the full-length clone, we also produced WIV1-CoV chimeric virus that replaced the SARS spike with the WIV1 spike within the mouse-adapted backbone (WIV1-MA15, Fig. S1B). WIV1-MA15 incorporates the original binding and entry capabilities of WIV1-CoV, but maintains the backbone changes to mouse-adapted SARS-CoV. Importantly, WIV1-MA15 does not incorporate the Y436H mutation in spike that is required for SARS-MA15 pathogenesis (8). …

Replication in Primary Human Epithelial Cells. Next, we wanted to determine WIV-CoV replication potential in models of the human lung. Previous examination of WIV1-CoV recovered from bat samples demonstrated poor replication in A549 cells (5); however, replication of epidemic SARS-CoV is also poor in this cell type, potentially due to ACE2 expression levels (9).

Therefore, well-differentiated primary human airway epithelial cell (HAE) air–liquid interface cultures were infected with WIV1-MA15, WIV1-CoV, SARS-CoV Urbani, or SARS-CoV MA15. At 24 and 48 h postinfection, both WIV1-MA15 and WIV1-CoV produce robust infection in HAE cultures equivalent to the epidemic strain and mouse-adapted strains (Fig. 1D). Together, the data demonstrate that the WIV1-CoV spike can mediate infection of human airway cultures with no significant adaptation required.

WIV1 Spike in Vivo. To extend analysis to pathogenesis, we next evaluated in vivo infection following WIV1-MA15 and WIV1-CoV challenge. [David Martin says that these experiments were done at UNC Chapel Hill, but violated specific U.S. criminal laws — none of which anyone in Congress expresses any interest in enforcing.] …

Construction of Chimeric SARS-Like Viruses. Both wild-type and chimeric WIVCoV infectious clones were designed using published sequences and based on the SARS-CoV infectious clone (10). Synthetic construction of chimeric mutant and full-length WIV1-CoV were approved by the UNC Institutional Biosafety Committee and the Dual Use Research of Concern Committee. ...

Biosafety and Biosecurity.

Reported studies were initiated after the University of North Carolina Institutional Biosafety Committee approved the experimental protocol: project title: Generating infectious clones of Bat SARS-like CoVs; lab safety plan ID: 20145741; schedule G ID: 12279. These studies were initiated before the US Government Deliberative Process Research Funding Pause on Selected Gain of Function Research Involving Influenza, MERS, and SARS Viruses (www.phe.gov/s3/dualuse/Documents/gain-of-function.pdf), and the current paper has been reviewed by the funding agency, the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Continuation of these studies has been requested and approved by the NIH.

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Zhengli-Li Shi of the Wuhan Institute of Virology for access to bat CoV sequences and plasmid of WIV1-CoV spike protein. Research was supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease and the National Institute of Aging of the NIH under Awards U19AI109761 and U19AI107810 (to R.S.B.), AI1085524 (to W.A.M.), and F32AI102561 and K99AG049092 (to V.D.M.). Human airway epithelial cell cultures were supported by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease under Award NIH DK065988 (to S.H.R.). Support for the generation of the mice expressing human ACE2 was provided by NIH Grants AI076159 and AI079521 (to A.C.S.).


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Now that you have read those excerpts which he cited, you will more-readily be able to understand his video discussion of them, at “Transparently Hiding…Again” “David Martin World”.


He isn’t entirely clear about what his theory is as to why these experiments were sub-contracted to China instead of having been carried out in UNC Chapel Hill or one of the other biowarfare labs in the U.S. I infer from his presentation that the U.S. Government was wanting to increase the percentage of people who hate and fear China, so as to support war against China. In 2016 (when that key paper was published), only 12% of Americans considered China to be “the U.S.’s greatest enemy.” That became 11% in 2018. It soared to 21% in 2019. It rose to 22% in 2020. Then it doubled to 45% in 2021. In 2023 it is 50%. But other theories might also be proposed in order to explain why these experiments were sub-contracted-out to China. Martin appears to believe that whatever the reason is, all of this is in accord with virtually 100% of the members of Congress, and that therefore none of them wants answers to such questions.


In any case, as I headlined on 28 May 2020, “The Stupid Insanity of Biological-Warfare R&D”, pointing out that a ‘weapon’ that cannot be targeted is stupid, the U.S. Government is by far the world’s biggest investor in that stupidity, and was the world’s first Government to carry out a biological-warfare campaign — in 1952, against North Korea. This time, however, against China, it has been a very successful campaign, to judge by Americans’ soaring hatred against China; but, if that is so, that is psychological warfare against the American people, which is being waged against us by our own Government, in order to get us to cheer-on our Government’s war against China. However, the U.S. regime is losing that war, too: its war against China. Perhaps all that this Government can conquer is its own people — by its incessant lies.


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Investigative historian Eric Zuesse’s new book, AMERICA’S EMPIRE OF EVIL: Hitler’s Posthumous Victory, and Why the Social Sciences Need to Change, is about how America took over the world after World War II in order to enslave it to U.S.-and-allied billionaires. Their cartels extract the world’s wealth by control of not only their ‘news’ media but the social ‘sciences’ — duping the public.


ERi-TV, Eritrea - ጸብጻብ ዑደት ፕረዚደንት ኢሳይያስ ኣፈወርቂ ኣብ ዋዕላ ደቡብ ኮርያ አፍሪቃ | Reportage on President Isaias Afwerki's visit to South Korea for the South Korea-Africa Summit, held from June 3-4

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