( Sudan involved in the smuggling of migrants, the EU and Italy know it

Posted by: Semere Asmelash

Date: Tuesday, 12 February 2019

Sudan involved in the smuggling of migrants, EU and Italy know it

The Eritrean refugee story Medhanie Tesfamariam Berhe brings to light the connivance of the Government and the Sudanese Army - with whom we collaborate - with the traffickers, and the Governments know everything


From what emerged from the international journalistic investigations , the Eritrean refugee Mehanie Tesfamariam Berhe , in prison in Italy, investigated by the Magistrature of Palermo, mistaken for the well-known human trafficker Medhanie Yehdego Mered , would be the victim of a 'political-diplomatic trap' of the Sudan's political police, the NISS National Intelligence Security Service , led by the 'executioner of Khartoum', General Saleh Gosh . An exchange of a person deliberated by the same admission of General Awad Elneil Dhia , head of the Sudanese police department.

The New Yorker journalist Ben Taub , in a July 2017 article explains the snare orchestrated by the Sudanese Secret Police to the ignorant Eritrean refugee. Following the investigation by the Magistrature of Palermo, the Italian and the British police launch , in 2015, the Operation Glauco , in honor of the Greek mythological character Claucus , endowed with prophetic powers and savior of the shipwrecked. Telephone intercepts and investigations immediately make the Sudanese regime understand that the real trafficker in Khartoum is in serious danger

. Its clear presence in Sudan, now confirmed by Italy and Great Britain, does not allow the NISS not to collaborate with the two European police in the arrest of the human trafficker. A solution needs to be found.

The situation falls when, in 2016, the Italian police receive photographic evidence of Mered while participating in a Sudanese wedding . Tests confirmed by Roy Godding , officer of the Britain National Crime Agency According to investigations conducted by British newspapers the trap begins with the solicitation on Facebook of the unaware Mehanie Tesfamariam Berhe by Lidya Tesfu , wife of the Eritrean refugee in Sweden, who begins a long series of confidential chats to which Berhe, unaware of who both the woman, willingly accepts, attracted by her beauty and the possibility of a gallant adventure.

These chats would have been used by the Magistrature of Palermo as circumstantial evidence to confirm the identity of poor Berhe , according to journalist Ben Taub.

In March 2016, the Sudanese secret police convinced the real trafficker Medhanie Yehdego Mered to flee to Dubai , and on May 24 the arrest of the refugee Berhe took place Two weeks later the suspect is extradited to Italy on a military plane. The following day the Italian government announces the arrest of the wanted Medhanie Yehdego Mered triumphantly .

At the time of the arrest the Sudanese secret police confiscate the identity card of Berhe . A detail not a little, since the extradition in Italy would have been made without the Italian request for identity documents of the alleged trafficker, only on the basis of confirmation of the same NISS

Meanwhile, the real trafficker gets into trouble and is arrested by the Dubai police . According to the information received from the Sudanese opposition, the Islamic regime intervened immediately with the authorities of the United Arab Emirates because the Emirate authorities did not discover the true identity of the Mered, succeeding in getting him released , and immediately afterwards to secure him in Uganda after providing him with a different Eritrean identity .

A few months after the arrest of Berhe, Meron Estefanos , an Eritrean-Swedish activist, journalist and head of the radio station in the Tigrina language ' Radio Erena' - which denounces the activities of traffickers and protects migrants -, contacts the British media providing testimonies from the Eritrean diaspora in Uganda according to which the trafficker can not be the one in prison in Italy , whose photos were beaten on the Italian and British media under triumphant titles, as the real Medhanie Yehdego Mered had been recognized in the red light district of Kabalagala, at the capital Kampala. These testimonies have been taken seriously by British newspapers, but not by the respective police, Italian and British.

What happened to Medhanie Yehdego Mered? According to our sources in Uganda, he would live quietly in Kampala under false identity . According to other sources, he left Uganda three months ago intimidated by the investigations of the Ugandan police - ignoring his true identity - on prostitution racket activities of young Ethiopians and Eritreans and trafficking in cocaine. It is difficult to confirm the veracity of this information, as the sources defend their anonymity and have not submitted video or photographic evidence of Mered's alleged presence in Kampala.

Behind the story of Berhe and Mered there is a reasonable doubt that the need of the Sudanese Islamic Government to conceal its involvement in trafficking in human beings is hidden , despite the money received by the European Union to fight it and the Khartoum agreements promoted by the Italy. According to the ' New York TimesArmy, police and NISS many officers would be involved in trafficking in human beings in Sudan The American newspaper interviewed 4 former human traffickers in Sudan who support the involvement of Sudanese security and intelligence services. The most active would be the officers of the NISS and the RSF ,

who have close contacts with traffickers, militias and governments in Libya and at the same time collaborate with the French British and Italian police in the fight against illegal immigration.

Brigadier Mohammed Hamdan Daglo, head of the RSF, denied these rumors , stating that the RSF and the NISS play a major role in preventing the route of Eritrean and Ethiopian illegal immigrants from Sudan to Libya. The four former traffickers interviewed by ' The New York Times ' are of different opinion The brigadier Daglo , together with the General Gosh would be the main organizers of this trade in human beings in close contact with the Libyan militias in Kufra and Sabha , in southern Libya.
Daglo and Gosh pocket huge fortunes from aspiring migrants unaware of their fate. Only 20% would arrive in Europe. The majority would be killed by Sudanese forces after having pocketed the compensation for the trip by the victims. The massacres would take place during the journey in the desert that separates the two countries and would serve the Islamic regime to respect the commitment contracted with the European Union to stop illegal immigration for which it receives millions of euros per year. A form of respect for this commitment certainly not suggested by the EU, but actually tolerated. Others would end up prisoners in Kufra and Sabha where Libyan militias are demanding their families for redemptions.
Confirmations of the involvement of General Gosh and the NISS also come from the prestigious Dutch Institute for International Relations Clingendael through its investigative report published in September 2018 (' Effects of EU policies in Sudan ') (' Effects of European policies in Sudan' ). « Not only are the Sudanese paramilitary forces involved in trafficking in human beings , but also senior officers of the regular forces There are numerous reports on the involvement of members of the Sudanese Armed Forces particularly the NISS, in the trafficking of human beings between Eritrea and Egypt passing through the eastern regions of Sudan. Recently the NISS appears to be involved in the smuggling of migrants from Sudan - Darfur to Libya In June 2016, a 26-year-old Darfur refugee arrived in Libya via Malha, a small town in North Darfur. For the journey he had to pay 750 euros to three NISS agents. The tax for paradise is regularly divided into fair shares between the NISS officers and the Libyan warlords of the Kufra area. For Vip migrants there is even the possibility to reach Tripoli by air embarking at peripheral Sudanese airports under the control of the NISS
The plane ticket costs three times that overland », s the law in the Clingendael report.

France Italy and Great Britain continue their collaboration with the NISS the RSF and the Sudanese police , despite the detailed report of 2014 drawn up by the prestigious American association in defense of human rights Human Rights Watch , containing irrefutable evidence of the involvement of the armed forces and of the Islamic Government in the trafficking of human beings .

The HRW report contrasts with the statement by Fabrizio Lobasso , Italian Ambassador to Khartoum published on ' Askanews ' in August 2016. In recent years Sudan has decided to speed up the path of collaboration with the international community with the clear intention of be recognized as a cooperating country, as demonstrated by the high-level dialogue with the European Union, starting with the launch of the Khartoum Process, in October-November 2014, under the Italian presidency of the EU, to cope with migrants arriving from the Horn of Africa " .

Ambassador Lobasso's statement was released on a very special occasion, not well publicized on the Italian media, or on the occasion of the signature of the Memorandum of Understanding between the head of the Italian police Franco Gabrielli and his Sudanese counterpart, Hashim Osman Hussein Agreement born in the bilateral area, but obviously included in the European project on the migration front, in particular in the Khartoum Process and the EU Trust Fund launched last year (2015) at the top with the African leaders in La Valetta (city of the island of Malta) », Ambassador Lobasso explained .

But who is Hashim Osman al Hussein? He is one of the top commanders of Sudanese Islamic terror, the backbone of the repressive system of President Omar Al Bashir , together with the generals Mustafa Mohamed Mustafa (military intelligence services), Hashim Abdul Mutalib Ahmed Babikir (Inspector General of the Armed Forces), Saleh Gosh ( INSS), Awad Elneil Dhia (police chief), Mohammed Hamdan Daglo (head of the RSF) and Magdi Ibrahim Osman (Head in Command of the Land Armed Forces).
As the first concrete act of this agreement and in the same month of its signature, the Italian Police collaborated with the Sudanese Police for the arrest and deportation of 40 Sudanese refugees boarded at Turin-Caselle airport. In an open letter to the Italian and European authorities, a collective of Western and African NGOs under Statewatch's umbrella , strongly criticized this mass deportation which, according to these associations, violated the most elementary duties of defense of human rights. In October 2017 the Association for Juridical Studies on Immigration - ASGI issued a statement on «

misleading and inadequate use of the Memorandum of Understanding between Italy and Sudan implemented in order to expel Sudanese citizens from Italian territory » . ASGI noted that this agreement between the police did not find the approval of the Italian Parliament, making vain the regular discipline of the management of migratory flows and the repatriation of foreign citizens provided for in articles 80 and 87 of the Constitution, concerning the ratification of international treaties. ASGI cited at the time the violations made thanks to this agreement between the Italian and Sudanese police. Violation of Article 10 paragraph 3 of the Constitution that protects the interests of foreigners; violation of the principle of
non-refoulement ; violation of the ban on collective expulsion ; violation of the right to an effective appeal against the deportation order; violation of the 1951 Geneva Convention ; and finally violation of Article 4, Protocol 4 of the European Convention on Human Rights . A long list, of which certainly none of us can be proud.

The involvement of various European countries with the Sudanese Islamic regime and in the nebulous project to mitigate illegal migratory flows from Africa will perhaps end if the democratic forces, which are resolutely opposing the dictatorial regime of General Bashir manage to overthrow it by establishing democracy in Sudan. If we can free Sudan, for Bashir Gosh Daglo and the other criminals of the regime will take justice , provided they can not escape before. Even their European accomplices will have to answer many questionsto clarify various dark sides, much to the embarrassment of their governments, "  said an activist of the democratic revolution under way in Sudan.
And what about the humanitarian funds for the mitigation of illegal immigration from Africa to Europe managed by the EU under the mega initiative of ' Emergency Trust Fund Africa ' (4.1 billion euro), launched during the La Valetta Summit, which Sudan is fully entitled?  The report of the NGO   Global Health Advocates , in September 2017, has denounced the lack of transparency in the management of these 4.1 billion euro destined , according to the NGOs, failed both the objective of combating poverty to halting migration flows illegal immigrants The complaint went unnoticed until, on 5 December 2018, the

The European Court of Auditors has published a report on the Fiduciary Emergency Fund for Africa based on a strict audit on how to design and implement projects funded through this fund.  The Court found several  weaknesses in the implementation of the fund  and  important delays in the implementation of the projects and made some recommendations for the future management of the fund to the Commission. According to Bettina Jakobsen, a member of the European Court of Auditors responsible for the report, the trust fund should be more targeted and direct support for specific actions capable of producing a measurable impact. In Brussels we are asking for a revision of the current objectives and priorities, to make them more specific and achievable ",  reads an article published by ' Info Cooperazione '.

Sudan implicato nel traffico dei migranti, UE e Italia lo sanno — L'Indro

(software translation)

ተሳትፎ ደቂ ኣንስትዮ ኣብ ቃልሲ ኤርትራ| Eritrean Women participation in the armed struggle - ERi-TV