Saudi Arabia ends the Eritrean-Ethiopian conflict with a three-way summit in Jeddah
The Jeddah summit will culminate in the signing of a historic reconciliation agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea, a move that strengthens the Gulf role in melting the ice among the disputants.
Historical reconciliation with Saudi-Emirati flavor
In a new Gulf step to end the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea and the signing of a reconciliation agreement between them after a conflict for more than two decades, Saudi Arabia is preparing to hold a trilateral summit during which the two sides will sign a historic agreement for reconciliation that improves relations between the two countries and strengthens the Gulf presence in this reconciliation, The UAE has played a pivotal role in reconciling the views of the contestants.
JEDDAH (Reuters) - The Red Sea city of Jeddah will host a trilateral summit between Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia and Eritrea on Sunday, diplomatic sources in Riyadh said.
The sources said that "during the summit will be signed between the Ethiopian and Eritrean sides on a reconciliation agreement, in the presence of Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz and Crown Prince Prince Mohammed bin Salman."
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abe Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki are due to arrive in Jeddah on Saturday evening or Sunday morning.
The two countries reopened their common border Wednesday for the first time in 20 years, paving the way for trade between the two sides, after a historic reconciliation.
The two Eritrean and Ethiopian sides appreciated the wisdom of King Salman bin Abdulaziz, the contribution of Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, in sponsoring the peace agreement and pushing it to be a front for positive relations that will benefit both parties directly. Public".
Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir visited Eritrea and Ethiopia last month as part of Saudi efforts to promote reconciliation between the two countries.
On Tuesday, the border was reopened in the Buri area, which saw some of the fiercest battles during the two-year war between 1998 and 2000.
Prior to this new Gulf move, news reports based on Gulf sources had revealed since early August the importance of the role played by the United Arab Emirates to resolve the conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia, to deny earlier statements in which the spokesman for the Ethiopian Foreign Minister Mills Alam that the Asmara Which was recently signed with Eritrea was self-imposed by both countries without the mediation of any third party.
Sources at the time revealed that the rapprochement between the two countries was in fact the culmination of talks that took place through back channels and undeclared for a year.
She stressed that the main driving force of this process is the United States, which plays a major role in the Horn of Africa for decades, but the surprise, according to the same sources was the role played by the United Arab Emirates.
The summit will witness the signing between the Ethiopian and Eritrean sides of a historic agreement for reconciliation in Saudi Arabia
Officials and diplomats from the UAE and Ethiopia said the Gulf country has gained increasing influence in the region in the past few years.
The UAE has been in the region for more than a decade, driven by its desire to play a role in Ethiopia's growing economy, and on the other hand, fears that rivals such as Iran and Qatar will gain a foothold in the Horn of Africa.
UAE Minister for International Cooperation Reem Hashemi said during a conference in Washington last month that her country played a modest role in trying to reconcile the two countries.
Meanwhile, Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shukri will discuss the Red Sea security and developments in the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam in Asmara, capital of Eritrea.
Shukri left the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on Thursday morning for the Eritrean capital Asmara on a visit aimed at boosting bilateral relations between the two countries, Egyptian Foreign Ministry spokesman Ahmed Abu Zeid said.
Abu Zeid said Wednesday that the foreign minister would convey a verbal message from President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki, aimed at giving a new impetus to the distinguished relations between the two countries in all fields, as well as discussing a number of regional issues of common concern.
He pointed out that the visit is expected to address a number of regional issues, particularly the recent positive developments in the Horn of Africa, Egypt's keenness to support stability, security and peace in that region, and discuss the issue of the security of the Red Sea and the main role of riparian states in this regard. Discussed the situation in South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen, as well as the developments of the Nahdha Dam negotiations and Egypt's presidency of the African Union during the coming year.
Tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea persisted even after the fighting ended, until Abe offered earlier this year to end tension as part of a package of reforms that reshaped the political situation in the Horn of Africa and beyond.
Eritrea was an Ethiopian province before it declared independence in 1993 following the expulsion of Ethiopian troops from its territory in 1991. A dispute over demarcation led to a 1998-2000 war that killed 80,000 people before the conflict turned into a cold war.