Dehai News

Latin American migration | Nobel Prize for Peace

Posted by: The Conversation Global

Date: Monday, 14 October 2019


Editor's note

As Venezuela’s humanitarian crisis deepens, ever more people are abandoning the South American country. Approximately 3.5 million Venezuelan migrants have fled to neighboring nations since late 2015. Now, echoing anti-migrant rhetoric used worldwide, officials in Ecuador, Peru and Chile and have begun to tighten border controls, saying Venezuelan migrants are a national security threat. That’s put an even greater burden on Colombia, which continues to welcome desperate Venezuelans. After traveling to Colombia, political scientist Cyril Bennouna wonders how long this open arms policy can last.

Abiy Ahmed, the Ethiopian Prime Minister, has won the Nobel Peace Prize. Abiy took the helm when Ethiopia was in political turmoil and instituted massive political reforms, based on unity and reconciliation. In addition, he’s made remarkable headway in forging peace in the region in the two years he’s been in power. Mohammed Girma explains why Abiy fits the bill of a Nobel laureate.

The United Nations Security Council is one of the world body’s most influential organisations. The council - steered by five permanent members - is charged with the responsibility of protecting world peace. It fulfils this responsibility with the help of 10 non-permanent members selected on a rotational basis. Kenya has made a bid for a seat on the Council come 2021. Gary Wilson explains why non-permanent membership is a valuable prize.

Catesby Holmes

Global Affairs Editor

Top Stories

Venezuelans hoping to cross into Ecuador via Colombia amass at the Rumichaca border bridge in Tulcan, Ecuador, as new visa restrictions limiting migration took effect, Aug. 26, 2019. Reuters/Daniel Tapia

Latin America shuts out desperate Venezuelans but Colombia’s border remains open – for now

Cyril Bennouna, Brown University

Citing national security, Ecuador, Peru and Chile have all made it harder for Venezuelan migrants to enter the country, and xenophobia is rising across the region – even in more welcoming Colombia.

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. Alexandros Michailidis/Shutterstock

Abiy Ahmed has won the Nobel Peace Prize: but big challenges still await Ethiopia

Mohammed Girma, University of Pretoria

Abiy Ahmed was awarded the prize for efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea.

Politics + Society

What Kenya has going for it in bid for Security Council seat

Gary Wilson, Liverpool John Moores University

The country has not had a seat at the Security Council table for 24 years.

US will send migrants to El Salvador, a country that can’t protect its own people

Mneesha Gellman, Emerson College

Trump officials plan to send asylum seekers from the US to El Salvador while their claims are processed. That would expose these vulnerable people to grave dangers, says a political violence expert.

Business + Economy

Mobile-based lending is huge in Kenya: but there’s a downside too

Victor Odundo Owuor, University of Colorado Boulder

Mobile loan platforms have given Kenyans access to easy loans, but they come at a high price.

Ghana’s cocoa farmers are trapped by the chocolate industry

Michael E Odijie, University of Cambridge

It is time for Ghana to consider the future of its cocoa farmers rather than multinational chocolate producers.

Science + Technology

Nobel Prize in Physics: how the first exoplanet around a sun-like star was discovered

Nikku Madhusudhan, University of Cambridge

Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz thought it would take years to find a planet outside the solar system – they did it in months.

Why don’t more women win science Nobels?

Mary K. Feeney, Arizona State University

Progress has been made toward gender parity in science fields. But explicit and implicit barriers still hold women back from advancing in the same numbers as men to the upper reaches of STEM academia.



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