BazOnline.ch: Come to profit: As three underage asylum seekers from Somalia and Eritrea in the Basel area deny any cooperation.
Posted by: Berhane Habtemariam
Date: Thursday, 25 January 2018
Come to profit: As three underage asylum seekers from Somalia and Eritrea in the Basel area deny any cooperation.
«Absolute disinterest». The three minor refugees were missing according to the files of the youth home in the school or disturbed the lessons. Photo: Icon image / Keystone
How should we deal with a person who came to Switzerland as a minor refugee to apply for asylum here - but who has not shown any willingness to integrate since his arrival? And he blithely states to his tutors that for him learning a job "only at the age of about 24" is an option, that he does not want to take the school "seriously" and "first wants to profit for a few years in Switzerland". Thus it is noted in discussion minutes, in which the BaZ had insight.
This is the story of a youth hostel in the canton of Baselland, whose employees saw themselves confronted with this question half a year ago: They wanted to support Ahmed * from Somalia - from whom the above quotes come from - as well as two other young people from Eritrea, in the foreign Environment quickly gain a foothold. The undertaking, which was eagerly anticipated - the institution had never hosted so-called "unaccompanied minor asylum seekers" (UMA) - ended in deep disappointment: because the three migrants did not abide by the rules and did not make an effort at school, but instead If they were constantly causing trouble, their right to residency was terminated after a few months.
"The home's employees hoped to make a contribution to helping traumatized adolescents reach the age of majority. In the end, they were no longer willing to work with UMAs, "says one person familiar with the process. The care team came "into the world". «The allegedly needy people turned out to be troublemakers with a high claim mentality and a low willingness to perform.»
Promising starting position
It was in the summer of 2016, when the home management was asked if they could take the three UMAs, all 16 years old. The people in charge gladly agreed that they were convinced that they would provide asylum seekers in their housing group with "ideal foundations" for the integration process. This is what it says in an internal paper that is available to BaZ. For example, "living together with Swiss young people" or learning German were called "positive prerequisites". The UMAs could learn "fundamentals" - mutual respect, reliability, responsibility, punctuality - which they later used in their professional lives. In addition, there are "opportunities to create links to the world of work".
What cost the UMAs the taxpayers for several months is not known in detail. The youth homes in the Basel region generally charge between 250 and 350 francs per day and per person. The amount should amount to tens of thousands of francs.
The new residents had hardly moved into their rooms in autumn 2016, when the irritations began. To be prepared for the cold season, the carers drove with Ahmed and the two Eritreans, let's call them Eden * and Fanuel *, to several Brockenstuben in the canton of Baselland. But the winter clothes that were chosen for them obviously displeased the fashionable tastes of the young men. "They were disappointed and told us they would rather go shopping at H & M or at Dolce & Gabbana," says a BaZ insider.
Later, the home workers realized with astonishment that Ahmed, Eden and Fanuel did not consistently put on clothes from the Brocki. But that's not all: in order to "supplement" their monthly pocket money of 160 francs, they sold jackets and other items of clothing such as stolen goods to third parties.
Such unauthorized incidents occurred several times. In a report made by the youth hostel on the Eritrean Fanuel, one can read: «Striking were also, probably because of culture, his regular dealers. Often his clothes, his shoes disappeared, then suddenly he had two or three smartphones or a jacket. When we approached him, he always refused to speak. "
Dissatisfied with assistant
Ein Mitarbeiter, der Eden und Fanuel ein Handy im Wert von 150 Franken schenkte, machte ähnliche Erfahrungen: Nach nur zwei Tagen war das Gerät weg. Damit konfrontiert, habe das Duo eine «abenteuerliche Geschichte» aufgetischt, berichtet eine gut informierte Quelle.
Upon their entry into Switzerland, the three underage asylum seekers Ahmed, Eden and Fanuel were initially transferred by the federal government to the canton of Baselland. From there, the distribution to different communities took place. The competent child and adult protection authorities (Kesb) each appointed a counselor to take care of the interests of the UMAs.
However, Ahmed, the Somali, was not satisfied with his confidant, according to documents from the Kesb Laufental. In a complaint at the end of 2016, he asked for her dismissal: "By letter of 9 December, he explained his request that the counselor did not have enough time for him and his concerns, that he was given too little money, he did not understand the assistant, and she did not always has an interpreter, "the Kesb summarized.
The advocate resisted such allegations: it was rather Ahmed, who rejects the school, the work in the home and the cooperation with the support staff. Ahmed has "very high demands" on his environment, which nobody can do justice to. For example, he demands that he does not have to do anything in the apartment group. He would also like to have a colleague "who is available to him 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and who" fulfills all his wishes immediately ". On January 26, 2017, the Kesb dismissed the complaint.
However, the decision did not change the unfriendly, disinterested behavior of Ahmed. On January 10, 2017, the youth hostel issued a 1st warning against him. «Despite clear rules and efforts, it has now happened again and again that you were not present in relation to the group evening and Monday afternoon. (...) In addition, you do not discuss anything with your caregiver, or come only if you want money or other assistance. "He has now" repeatedly "broken the home rules. This included his multiple unauthorized evening trips.
In order to make his stay successful, he needs his will to adhere to the given framework, "also in the sense of your integration". However, if the situation did not improve, Ahmed was warned by the home management that the dismissal would take place.
Young asylum seekers who have no gratefulness to have found acceptance in Switzerland; their expectations are as high as if they were guests in a five-star hotel: according to this pattern also behaved Eden. The Eritrean, as can be seen in the various reports, came after a reasonably positive acclimation phase more and more on the wrong track. He suddenly acted as if he did not know the house rules, he resisted agreements, provoked the behavior of the other inhabitants and acted very disrespectful to individual team members. This increased in a way that individual residents felt threatened. »
Overall, one could not recognize, write the carers, "that a self-motivation developed into a will to learn". Eden had occurred during his time in the housing group "mainly lust-driven" and "very demanding". "If his demands were not met, he responded with a small-minded defiance."
Eden would have had the opportunity to improve his professional prospects massively: The caregivers in the youth hostel organized a garage, who offered him a trial week in his company. "We hoped that this would be an encouragement that could positively influence the will to learn," says the report.
What came out is sobering. "After the first day of work, however, he did not want to leave because he just had to clean. Although he would have received a motivation salary from us, he did not keep up this week. Twice he was found sleeping on a car back seat and otherwise his commitment was missing.
With the same lack of motivation, Eden visited the integration class specially created for migrants in the secondary school Frenkendorf. "The acquisition of new skills is not given by his frequent absence," said the mathematics teacher. The willingness to perform must be rated as "insufficient".
The home management came to the same conclusion. "Eden had a lot of trouble at school. Often he was overwhelmed and disturbed the lessons with his restlessness. He did not do any homework. "Furthermore, Eden had not realized his deficit, but" absolute disinterest "signaled," which greatly disrupted the lessons. "
Similarly, the assessment of his Eritrean compatriot Fanuel, with whom he maintained a close friendship. Fanuel had also refused to teach, "said to be ill, but then suddenly went back regularly." Even though he had "a lot of potential", he had always been negative. "In addition to the linguistic hurdle, he waved in content over and over again. It was more important to him to be outside or to sleep during the day. »
In the group home, Eden and Fanuel behaved in a commanding manner that led to crisis meetings with the caregivers, the home management and the counselors. Although the regulations clearly forbid this, the Eritreans insisted on maintaining constant access to the Internet and Facebook. She did not care about keeping her sleep: "After 10 pm you hear music at such a loud volume that the roommates are bothered by it. The request to turn down the music is unfortunately ignored and even acknowledged with a laugh ", is noted in the site talk on 8 July 2017.
Blackmailed under threats
The minutes also show that the two youngsters have been provided with a track 7, a season pass in the swimming pool, a bicycle and other things to give them an enjoyable leisure time. Instructions were followed according to the documents available to the BaZ, but not because: it came rather to serious incidents. Other residents were "extorted of threats for money." In addition, Eden and Fanuel harassed women with sexist signs and swear words.
At the end of July 2017, the home management pulled the rip cord: The project was aborted, the UMAs placed in front of the door and repositioned.
Ahmed, Eden and Fanuel now live in other locations in the Basel region, where, according to information from the BaZ, they continue to carelessly embrace their social integration. The case of these young men is "unfortunately not an isolated case, but the rule," says a person who looks after UMAs. He does not want to lump all migrants together. "But out of ten underage refugees, seven are behaving according to this destructive pattern: that's the reality."
Another voice, which knows Ahmed, Eden and Fanuel, sees the main problem in the missing legal handle, to be able to take through. Although one can reduce the pocket money or otherwise sanction pronounce. However, there is no effective means of pressure.
"In the end, asylum seekers can do what they want, and the welfare state will still be there for them. And because the Swiss migration authorities do not outsource anyone to Eritrea or Somalia, integration deniers have nothing to fear. They know that very well. " * Changed name (Basler Zeitung)